Diversity and Inclusion Practices in Nonprofit Associations: A Resource-Dependent and Institutional Analysis


  • Dyana P. Mason University of Oregon




Diversity, Inclusion, Nonprofit Associations


Since the early 1990s, diversity and inclusion (D&I) efforts have received increasing attention among management scholars. Although the benefits and challenges of implementing D&I practices are now well established, few studies have explored the extent to which nonprofit associations, in particular, engage in D&I efforts. As such, we have no knowledge of the role that associations play in assisting with the diffusion of these practices throughout their respective professional fields or trades. Therefore, using a national survey of over 150 executives of nonprofit associations, this study explores the institutional and resource-based challenges associations face when seeking to implement D&I practices, both within their organizations and throughout their professional fields and trades. While the findings from this study suggest that nonprofit associations only engage in D&I practices to a modest degree, there is also evidence of institutional entrepreneurship. Implications of these findings for research on D&I practices in nonprofit associations as well as for association practitioners seeking to improve their D&I programming are provided.

Author Biography

  • Dyana P. Mason, University of Oregon

    Dyana Mason is an Assistant Professor in the School of Planning, Public Policy, and Management at the University of Oregon. Her research interests include governance and management of nonprofit organizations, and the role of nonprofits in policymaking processes—from policy formulation to implementation.






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